Batalha (Portuguese pronunciation: [bɐˈtaʎɐ]) is a town and a municipality in Leiria District, Pinhal Litoral Subregion, Centro Region, Portugal. The town's name means battle. The municipality population in 2011 was 15,805, in an area of 103.42 square kilometres (39.93 sq mi). The town proper has about 7,500 inhabitants. The municipality is limited to the North and West by the municipality of Leiria, to the East by Ourém, to the Southeast by Alcanena and to the Southwest by Porto de Mós.
The town was founded by King D. João I of Portugal, jointly with the Monastery of Santa Maria da Vitória na Batalha, to pay homage to the Portuguese victory at the Battle of Aljubarrota (August 14, 1385) that put an end to the 1383–1385 Crisis.
The Portuguese professor and sociologist Moisés Espírito Santo was born there.
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